EU reaches landmark deal to regulate AI
BRUSSELS/LONDON/STOCKHOLM: (Reuters) European Union (EU) countries and lawmakers agreed to a landmark deal to regulate artificial intelligence.
The agreement, which makes the EU the first major world power to enact rules to govern AI, includes rules that governments can only use real-time biometric surveillance in public areas, only when there are serious threats involved, like terrorist attacks.
The deal regulates systems such as Chat GPT, which will soon need to comply with transparency obligations before they’re put on the market.
These include detailed summaries about the content used for training, and complying with EU copyright law.
Rules also ban cognitive behavioral manipulation, untargeted scraping of facial images from the internet or CCTV footage, social scoring, and biometric categorization systems to infer political, religious, philosophical beliefs, sexual orientation, and race.
European Commissioner Thierry Breton said in a press conference:
“Europe has positioned itself as a pioneer, understanding the importance of its role as a global standard setter. This is yes, I believe, a historical day.”
The shape of the final legislation is expected to come in the next few days, after EU countries and the European Parliament hash out the details.
The legislation is expected to come into force early next year and should apply two years after it has been formally ratified.
The ambitious rules come as companies like Open AI, which is backed by Microsoft, continue to discover new uses for their technology and also cause concern for their far-reaching capabilities.
Google owner Alphabet on Thursday launched a new AI model, Gemini, to rival Open AI.